Parts of Vehicles ✅[What are all the parts of the car?]
Parts of Vehicles

Parts of Vehicles ✅[What are all the parts of the car?]

Parts of Vehicles ✅[What are all the parts of the car?]

Parts of vehicles: Do you know every aspect of a car? Your automobile is a very intelligent and powerful machine. It consists of several components that must all work together to function properly.

A single malfunctioning component can cause the entire system to fail and impair overall performance.

While you do not need to know everything about your car to maintain it effectively, you should become acquainted with the most important components and their functions.

Understanding the various car body pieces will allow you to drive more safely, minimizing your risks of an accident and increasing the life of your vehicle.

For example, if you understand what brakes are and where they are placed in your vehicle, you will be able to notice degradation indications sooner and repair the braking pads before any likelihood of braking fault arises.

In this post, I’ve included the interior and exterior automobile body sections, along with photographs, to assist you better understand automotive components.


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vehicle body parts
vehicle body parts

Names of Interior Car Body Parts

1. Engine

The engine is one of the most significant interior components in a car, and it is frequently referred to as the vehicle’s “heart.”

The engine’s role is to convert the heat produced by fuel combustion into the power that propels a vehicle.

2. Distribution

The transmission, often known as the gearbox, is an important component of a vehicle’s interior. It is installed in the engine and converts the engine’s burning power into driving energy that drives cars.

You may use the gear to change the speed and strength dependent on the driving circumstances. Drivers can choose from a variety of gear ratios dependent on the vehicle’s speed.

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3. Power source

Automobiles feature rechargeable batteries that are mostly utilized to start the vehicle.

A battery’s principal role is to provide electrical power to a vehicle, which then activates the chemically-fueled combustion engine that powers the vehicle.

The battery is an essential component of the starting system. Other applications include delivering electricity for short-term use in lights and audio while the engine is turned off.

4. Alternator

An alternator produces electrical energy that is utilized to power other vehicle components.

The alternator is situated adjacent to the engine and converts mechanical energy into electrical power.

Most automobiles with internal combustion engines (with the exception of a few hybrids) have alternators. The alternator also charges car batteries and supplies power when it is required.

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5. Radiator

Radiators are meant to remove heat from the engine.

When the thermostats around the engine detect excessive heat, the heat removal mechanism begins immediately.

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To lower heat, the radiator sends coolant into the engine. The car generates excessive heat.

6. Disc brakes

The car brake is located on the left side of the gas pedal. Brake pedals are often larger and square in shape.

Brakes work by absorbing or transmitting movement energy, generally through friction, to slow or stop a moving vehicle.

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7. Tank of Fuel

A gasoline tank is an essential part of the fuel system. The fuel tank holds a variety of fuels, including gasoline, diesel, and natural gas.

Fuel can be poured into fuel tanks through an input. They also include a hole that allows gasoline to enter the engine.

8. Muffler (n.)

The muffler is an inside component of an automobile’s exhaust system situated at the back to reduce engine noise.

The sound wave produced by the combusted gas when it exits the exhaust is fairly loud. Using a muffler, the sound is decreased and discharged into the environment.

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9th. Axle

An axle is a rod positioned beneath the vehicle that connects two wheels so they may move and keep their position.

The force of an engine propels the vehicle forward by moving the axle’s wheels. The axles are in charge of transmitting engine power to the wheels.

While performing this crucial job, the axle should handle the whole car weight, trunk load, and persons in the vehicle.

It must also be capable of supporting accelerating and braking forces.

10. Catalytic Converter

A catalytic converter oxidizes poisonous exhaust gases, converting them into less damaging emissions.

Because of engine activity, carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons are all present in a vehicle’s exhaust stream.

A catalytic converter converts these dangerous gases to carbon dioxide and water vapour.

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11. Dashboard

In every automotive, the dashboard serves as the primary control panel. It is frequently observed towards the start of the route.

The dashboard shows the vehicle’s control instruments, such as the speed, steering wheel, petrol use level, storage compartment, audio or entertainment system, air vent, and so on.

12. Vehicle Ignition System

In engines, the ignition system is in charge of igniting the mixture of air and fuel.

This is accomplished by creating a very high voltage from the automobile battery and sending it to all spark plugs that ignite the mixture in the combustion chambers.

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The ignition system is made up of various components, which are as follows:

A spark plug is in charge of igniting air and fuel.

An ignition coil transfers the battery’s voltage level to the high voltage necessary to ignite the spark plugs, which subsequently ignite the gasoline.

The voltage output from the coils is transferred to the proper cylinder by a distributor. The procedure is carried out by the cap and rotor.

13. Steering Column

A steering wheel, sometimes known as a driving wheel, is a component of the steering system located on the dashboard. A driver controls the movement of a vehicle by rotating the steering wheel.

14. Seat and Seat Belt

Every vehicle has a driver and passenger seat, both of which are equipped with seat belts.

A seat belt, often known as a safety belt, keeps you secure in your automobile in the event of a collision or sudden stop.

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15. Parking Brake

The parking brake, often known as a handbrake or an emergency brake, is a device that keeps the automobile securely still when parked.

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In an emergency, the handbrake can also be employed for quick stopping.

16. Clutch and Gas Pedal

Only manual transmission automobiles feature a clutch pedal.

The clutch is located on the far left side of the vehicle. When you press the lever, the discs separate from each other, allowing the gearbox to disconnect from the engine and change gears swiftly.

The gas pedal, often known as the accelerator pedal, is located on the driver’s side of the car’s floor.

It manages your car’s speed by adjusting the amount of gasoline injected into the engine.

Names of Exterior Car Body Parts with Images

car exterior body parts
car exterior body parts

1. Hood

The component that allows access to the engine is the hood. It is located at the front of the vehicle, near the engine.

The hood serves to keep everything safe in addition to protecting the engine and its components from extraneous materials. It is possible to open it to gain access to the engine and other components.


The windshield is the wide front glass that gives the driver with a good view of the road. The windshield’s principal role is to shelter the driver from wind and any particles or dust.

3. Bumper

Bumpers protect drivers and vehicles from serious injury in low-speed collisions by absorbing the bulk of the impact.

Bumpers are typically considered appropriate safety equipment since they protect drivers and passengers in small collisions.


Wheels are spherical structures that provide spinning motion and transport the vehicle from one spot to another.

Wheels, along with rubber tires and rims, help vehicles move from one location to another.

The three most popular materials used to manufacture rims are steel, aluminum, and chrome. You may also come across magnesium alloy wheels or rims.

Steel rims are a little out of date. Steel was formerly the most popular material for traditional wheels, but automakers are transitioning to lighter metals to enhance fuel economy.

5. The trunk

The trunk is the space or cargo compartment at the rear of a vehicle. The trunk is mostly used for moving objects and, on occasion, storing spare tires and maintenance materials.

6. the door

A car door allows drivers and passengers to enter the vehicle while also keeping the occupants secure inside.

Depending on the specs, an automobile may have two to four doors. Doors are often linked to the body of the vehicle.

Although manual door opening is the standard, certain cars incorporate remote-controlled doors.

7. Automobile Roof

The roof is the outside covering that protects an automobile’s interior from harsh factors such as heat, moisture, and wind.

Some cars have permanently attached roofs, while others have detachable roofs. Roofs may have a tiny aperture that may be opened as needed.

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8. Reflection

A car includes three mirrors to help you maintain track of your surroundings: a rear-view mirror and two side mirrors.

The rear-view mirror is positioned within the car and provides a view of what is going on outside from behind. The mirror shows the true distance and size of cars in the rear.

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Automobiles feature two side mirrors for a better field of vision. Furthermore, side mirrors show automobiles that are further away than they actually are.

Headlights (nine)

The headlight, often known as a headlamp, is the front automotive light that provides vision at night.

You may alter the settings of your automobile headlights to produce various light changes, such as full brightness, muted light, and much more.

Related: How Much Does a Headlight Bulb Replacement Cost?

ten. Taillights

Taillights or tail lamps are the lighting located at the rear of a vehicle.

They draw the attention of approaching traffic to automobiles. Brake lights, for example, alert other cars that you are slowing or coming to a complete stop.

This will assist you avoid getting struck by oncoming traffic.

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11. Bumper Grille

The grille is located on the front bumper and has a mesh design that allows for unobstructed air movement.

The major aim is to keep the engine cool while driving. The engine is ventilated by air passing through the grille openings.

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12. Wiper Blade

A wiper is a tool used to clean any foreign material on the windscreen, such as rainfall or ice, that may obstruct clear visibility of what lies ahead.

13. Number Plate/License Plate

For all types of cars, the number plate is a front bumper sticker with a unique registration number. In all nations, the plate number is required by law and is primarily used for official identification.

14. Vehicle chassis

The chassis, often known as the frame or car’skeleton, is the foundation for a car’s body. The chassis serves as the foundation for all automotive components.

15. Body Shell

The body shell of a vehicle is the framework that contains the engine and other mechanical systems. It is designed to withstand the weight of automotive parts and passengers.


Your car is a complicated structure made up of multiple elements that all work together to keep the vehicle moving.

The car body parts mentioned in this article are essential for the efficient operation of any vehicle.

Even if other components are not listed, the following are the most important car parts to understand in order to run and maintain a vehicle efficiently.

Without these components, the vehicle may not work properly on the road, potentially leading to major malfunctions or accidents.

Above all, understanding how each car body element works will save you a lot of trouble when dealing with autos.


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